By Juliet Clutton-Brock
Drawing at the most recent learn in archaeozoology, archaeology, and molecular biology, Animals as Domesticates strains the background of the domestication of animals all over the world. From the llamas of South the US and the turkeys of North the USA, to the livestock of India and the Australian dingo, this attention-grabbing ebook explores the historical past of the advanced relationships among people and their household animals. With professional perception into the organic and cultural strategies of domestication, Clutton-Brock indicates how the human intuition for nurturing could have remodeled relationships among predator and prey, and she or he explains how animals became partners, farm animals, and workers. The altering face of domestication is traced from the unfold of the earliest farm animals round the Neolithic outdated global via historic Egypt, the Greek and Roman empires, South East Asia, and as much as the trendy commercial age.
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Extra resources for Animals as Domesticates: A World View through History
33 Although finds that show evidence of taming in the early prehistoric period, such as this bear jaw, are rare finds indeed, evidence for the movement of live animals to new areas is easier to deduce from excavation of their skeletal remains where there is no previous record of their fossil history. 34 They must have been brought in boats from the Levant, where they are still to be found living wild in small numbers. It is probable that people began to move dogs, cats, deer, and many other species of animals with them as they traveled over the continents and onto the islands of Europe and Asia at the end of the Ice Age, and this set the stage for the later, slow migration of domestic livestock species from their centers of origin.
They must have been a rare accompaniment to the human settlements, which were still only temporary camps. 19 Similar remains of dogs have been found from the numerous waterlogged Mesolithic sites in Denmark, where the period is known as the Maglemosian. Perhaps the most famous of all European Mesolithic sites is Star Carr in Yorkshire, England. This was a hunting camp on the edge of a lake that was occupied periodically for a few centuries, more than 9,000 years ago, by groups of people who left everything they used and the remains of all the animals they killed to be preserved in the lakeshore mud.
29 Although individual reindeer probably lived as tamed animals since before the end of the last Ice Age, it seems that fully domesticated herds with individual reindeer that were used for draft and riding were not common until about 3,000 years ago. All the evidence comes from rock drawings in the Sayan Mountains on the border of Siberia and Mongolia, which combine the images of reindeer with other domestic animals: dogs, camels, and goats. 30 From the melting of the ice, 10,000 years ago, until the first evidence for the domestication of plants and animals in Europe, around 3,000 years had to elapse, during which time sea levels rose and forests spread over the landscape.
Animals as Domesticates: A World View through History by Juliet Clutton-Brock