New PDF release: An Introduction to Petroleum Technology, Economics, and

By James G. Speight

ISBN-10: 1118012992

ISBN-13: 9781118012994

ISBN-10: 1118192524

ISBN-13: 9781118192528

There's just one substance identified to mankind which may reason wars, impression international economies, and make international locations wealthy: petroleum. yet how a lot does the common individual, even the typical engineer, learn about it? This booklet describes the petroleum in easy-to-understand language for either the layperson and engineer alike. From the economics of attempting to find oil and gasoline, getting it out of the floor, into pipelines, into refineries, and, eventually, into your gasoline tank, this booklet covers the petroleum like no different therapy prior to.

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Additional resources for An Introduction to Petroleum Technology, Economics, and Politics

Sample text

It is highly unlikely that petroleum originated from organic matter of which no trace remains now. Rather, it appears that petroleum constituents are generated through geochemical action on organic detritus that is usually found in finegrained sedimentary rocks. In addition, it may be anticipated that some of the organic material would also change sufficiently from the original organic material to remain in the sediment through and beyond the oil-generating stage. Thus, it is generally assumed that the place of origin of oil and gas is not identical to the locations where it is found.

On the other hand proved undeveloped reserves are the reservoirs from which crude oil is expected to be recovered from new wells on undrilled acreage, or from existing wells where a relatively major expenditure is required for reservoir recompletion. Undrilled reservoirs can be claimed as proven only where it can be demonstrated with certainty that there is continuity of production from the existing productive reservoir formation. Under no circumstances should estimates for proved undeveloped reservoirs be attributable to any reservoir for which an application of fluid injection or other improved recovery technique is contemplated, unless such techniques have been proved effective by actual tests in the area and in the same reservoir.

The composition of the precursors has a major influence on the composition of petroleum and the relative amounts of these precursors (dependent upon the local flora and fauna) that occurred in the source material added another variable to the composition of the produced oil. Hence, it is not surprising that petroleum composition can vary with the location and age of the field, in addition to any variations that occur with the depth of the individual well. Two adjacent wells are more than likely to produce petroleum with very different characteristics.

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An Introduction to Petroleum Technology, Economics, and Politics by James G. Speight


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